Bio Diesel is renewable biofuel formed by long-chain fatty acid methyl or ethyl esters. If the esters that compose the biodiesel are methylic, they are called FAME (Fatty acid methyl ester). It is obtained through the chemical reaction of methanol (or bioethanol) with vegetable oils (rape, sunflower, soy, palm). It does not contain sulfur and, compared to oil-derived diesel, greenhouse gas emissions are reduced (including CO2), as well as carbon monoxide (CO) emissions and emissions of particles and other polluting products.
Biodiesel can be used as a fuel for vehicles in its pure form, but it is usually used as a diesel additive to reduce levels of particulates, carbon monoxide, and hydrocarbons from diesel-powered vehicles. Biodiesel is produced from oils or fats using transesterification and is the most common biofuel in Europe.
Benefits for using Biodiesel
- It powers any conventional, unmodified diesel engine
- It can be stored anywhere petroleum diesel fuel is stored
- It reduces Carbon Dioxide emissions, the primary cause of the Greenhouse Effect, by up to 100%.
- It can be used alone or blended in any amount with petroleum diesel fuel
- It is more lubricating than diesel fuel, it increases the engine life and can be used in place of sulfur
- It contains practically no sulfur
- It decreases soot emissions considerably
- It is biodegradable and non-toxic, is safe to transport and is not considered a hazardous material